Antiquity[ edit ] The earliest known forms of bowling date back to ancient Egypt. Other balls made of porcelain have also been found, indicating that these were rolled along the ground rather than thrown due to their size and weight. Bowling games of different forms are also noted by Herodotus as an invention of the Lydians in Asia Minor. In a public feast was held in Frankfurt, Germanywith a venison dinner followed by lawn bowling.
Play[ edit ] The bowler is allowed 10 frames in which to knock down pins, with frames one 1 through nine 9 being composed of up to two rolls.
The tenth frame is composed of up to three rolls: If neither a strike nor a spare is achieved in the tenth frame, no bonus roll is awarded.
Bowling has a unique scoring system which keeps track not only of the The history of bowling pinfall in a frame, but also strikes and spares which allow for the value of subsequent pinfall. Effectively, there are three kinds of marks given in a score; a strike all ten down in the first balla spare all ten down by the second balland an open one or more pins still standing after the second ball.
A strike earns ten pins plus the pins for the next two balls thrown. A spare earns ten pins plus the pins for the next ball thrown. A strike after a spare would earn 20 pins. The same score would be obtained if the reverse occurred. Open frames count the value of the pinfall in that frame only.
The maximum score in ten-pin bowling is This consists of getting 12 strikes in a row in one game one strike each in frames 1—9, plus all three possible strikes in the tenth frameand is also known as a perfect game.
Early History[ edit ] Pinsetter boys at a Pittsburgh bowling alley, c. Their discovery represents the earliest known historical trace of bowling.
Henry VIII also famously banned bowling for all but the upper classes, because so many working men and soldiers were neglecting their trades.
The Kegel game grew in Germany and around other parts of Europe with Keglers rolling balls at nine pins, or skittles, in a diamond formation Ninepin bowling The history of bowling introduced to the United States from Europe during the colonial era, similar to the game of skittles. The DutchEnglishand Germans all brought their own versions of the game to the New World, where it enjoyed continued popularity, although not without some controversy.
In a law in Connecticut banned ninepin bowling lanes because of associated gambling and crime, and people were said to circumvent the letter of the prohibition by adding an extra pin, resulting in the game of ten-pin bowling.
Louis, Missouri before its relocation on January 26,to the International Bowling Campus in Arlington, Texashowever, shows British bowlers playing the sport outdoors, with a triangular formation of ten pins, chronologically before it appeared in the United States.
A photograph of this painting appeared in the pages of the US-based "Bowler's Journal" magazine in German immigrants were instrumental in fostering the game's popularity in America as they formed their own bowling clubs both before and after the American Civil War.
The first indoor bowling alley was Knickerbockers of New York City, built inand had lanes made of baked clay.
The Brunswick Corporation's addition of bowling equipment to their product line also served to increase the sport's popularity. InBrunswick replaced their line of wooden bowling balls, mostly made with lignum vitaewith hard rubber Mineralite bowling balls. The change was met with great approval.
The sport is most popular in the United Kingdom and the United States. Both nations maintain national regulatory organizations that govern the sport's rules and conduct, and many of those countries' best players participate in tournaments on both the national and international stage.
Because of the rise in popularity, many companies began making bowling balls and apparel for professionals as well as for recreational bowlers.
Bowling has also become more prevalent in the media in recent years, with the continued popularity of bowling publications and the appearance of films centered around the culture of the sport. However, the sport continues to face challenges in garnering mainstream coverage of the athletic aspects of the game.
Organization and increased popularity[ edit ] Inside a typical ten-pin bowling alley ShropshireUK A woman bowling during 45th Victory Day celebration Bowling Tournament'15 in Dhaka, Bangladesh The modern, indoor game of bowling has long been seen as a sport of the working classes.
This began to change as the sport became increasingly regulated and generally gained in prestige. Although it has not shed its working class image entirely, today bowling is a unisex sport, and is enjoyed by people the world over.
While they agreed on a uniform distance of 60 feet from foul line to head pin and the size of the bowling ball, there were many other disagreements, including scoring, that caused splinter groups to form.
|Ten-pin bowling - Wikipedia||A British anthropologist, Sir Flinders Petrie, discovered in the 's a collection of objects in a child's grave in Egypt that appeared to him to be used for a crude form of bowling. If he was correct, then bowling traces its ancestry to BC.|
|It became New Amsterdam. The Dutch game of bowling nine pins, including the equipment required to play the game, came with the settlers from the old country.|
|If he was correct, then bowling traces its ancestry to BC.|
|History of Bowling The International Bowling Museum and Hall of Fame has replicas of artifacts for a game similar to bowling which were found in the tomb of an ancient Egyptian youth who died approximately 5, BC.|
|Bowling is a sport that can be dated back to circa BC. There was a crude version of the bowling ball and pins that were all sized for a child and were very primitive.|
It wasn't untilwhen prominent bowling leaders gathered in New York City to form the American Bowling Congress ABCthat the bulk of the standard rules for bowling that have survived to the modern day were drafted.
At the same time, the sport's image among the upper classes was enhanced by the opening of more luxurious and elegant alleys like The White Elephant in New York City, opened by restaurateur Joe Thum. Many consider Thum to be the father of modern bowling, along with inaugural ABC President Thomas Curtis and later, coming into the second half of the 20th century, American professional bowler Dick Weber.
The oldest known USBC sanctioned bowling lanes in the United States date fromand are still in use in the Milwaukee, Wisconsin-located Holler House tavern, as a pair of lanes that still uses manually-operated pinsettersin one of the very few facilities that uses manually-set tenpins in North America.
Bybowling was a billion-dollar industry in the United States.The History of America's oldest social games of bowling.
The answer for Who invented bowling? In , delegates from nine bowling clubs in New York and Brooklyn met in Germania Hall in the Bowery and organized the National Bowling Association.
This was the first attempt to bring order out. Bowling: Bowling, game in which a heavy ball is rolled down a long, narrow lane toward a group of objects known as pins, the aim being to knock down more pins than an opponent.
The game is quite different from the sport of bowls, or lawn bowls, in which the aim is to bring the ball to rest near a . History of the game of bowling or ten pins and a brief history History of Bowling The International Bowling Museum and Hall of Fame has replicas of artifacts for a game similar to bowling which were found in the tomb of an ancient Egyptian youth who died approximately 5, BC.
Tracking the history of bowling balls can be fun and informative and leads us chronologically to where we are today. We can begin our exploration into bowling ball evolution by looking back at the origin of the sport.
Ten-pin bowling is a sport in which a player (called a "bowler") rolls a bowling ball down a wood or synthetic (polyurethane) lane and towards ten pins positioned at the end of the lane. The objective is to score the highest pinfall by knocking down as many pins as possible.
Two finger holes and sometimes a thumb hole are drilled into a traditional bowling ball, and weights vary considerably to make the sport .