See Article History Alternative Titles: According to Homer, Odysseus was king of Ithacason of Laertes and Anticleia the daughter of Autolycus of Parnassusand father, by his wife, Penelopeof Telemachus. In later tradition, Odysseus was instead the son of Sisyphus and fathered sons by CirceCalypsoand others. Odysseus; TiresiasOdysseus, seated between Eurylochus left and Perimedes, consulting the shade of Tiresias.
Stephen Holliday Certified Educator Odysseus' encounter with and escape from the Cyclops, Polyphemus, in Book 9 is considered to be his most significant achievement because he not only saves himself but also a number of his men through his cunning and intelligence--with one exception.
Initially, he tells Polyphemus that his name is Nobody or Noman because he needs to remain anonymous in order not to evoke any retribution from any of the gods, like Poseidon, who are already trying to destroy the man known as Odysseus.
When he finally tricks Polyphemus into letting him and his men, disguised as sheep, The epic hero odysseus from Polyphemus's cave, Odysseus cannot keep from telling Polyphemus who has actually defeated him: As several critics have pointed out, however, disclosing his real name is an act of heroism and defiance--Odysseus, as one of the leading warrior-kings in the Trojan War, could not let his triumph over Polyphemus be a mystery.
Fame and honor are an essential part of a warrior-king's being, and Odysseus' defeat of such a formidable opponent as Polyphemus had to become part of Odysseus' recorded achievements even if the disclosure of his name put him and his men at risk.
A second episode depicking Odysseus' heroic nature occurs when, in Book 11, Circe tells Odysseus to journey to the underworld, Hades, in order to question the dead prophet, Teiresias, about Odysseus' fate.
A journey to Hades, especially for a living person, is incredibly dangerous, and there are only a few heroes who have made the attempt--Hercules, Achilles, Aeneas--because they face the real possibility that they will be forced to remain in the underworld. Because there is no guaranty that Odysseus will be able to ascend to the living world, Odysseus is risking his life, just as he did many times over during the Trojan War.
In Book XVII,when Odysseus returns to Ithaca in the disguise of a beggar, he purposely faces the suitors as a beggar in order to understand what he will face when he finally takes his revenge on those who have defiled his household.
At one point, he gets into a verbal altercation with Antinoos,one of the suitors, who throws a wooden stool at Odysseus, which hits him in the back, and Odysseus' response to this insult is: Ulysses stood firm as a rock and the blow did not even stagger him, but he shook his head in silence as he brooded on his revenge.
Book XVII Anyone but a true heroic figure, who is biding his time in order to exact a final revenge on all the suitors, would have immediately engaged Antinoos.
Odysseus, however, using the discipline honed through many years of warfare, ignores this insult because, as a warrior king about to retake his kingdom, his ultimate goal is much more important than responding to a single insult.
Odysseus demonstrates his heroic nature throughout the Odyssey in both significant and insignificant episodes, and personifies the virtues of a Bronze Age warrior king, with the addition of intelligence and endurance, attributes that allow him to survive long enough to retake his kingdom.From Odysseus to Aeneas, from Beowulf to King Arthur, from the Mahâbhârata to the Ossetian "Nart" tales, epic heroes and their stories have symbolized the power of the human imagination.
Drawing on diverse disciplines including classics, anthropology, psychology, and literary studies, this product of twenty years' scholarship provides a detailed typology of the hero in Western myth: birth.
Epic Hero Lesson Plan Overview of the Lesson. What is an epic hero and how do I know who they are? Teach students the literary device and ask them to think deeply about their attributes and how they affect the work as a whole.
In the epic poem The Odyssey by Homer, Odysseus is that epic hero. Odysseus faced many difficult situations as an epic hero, and made some bad decisions as an ordinary man, both which show his strengths and weaknesses.
Odysseus is an epic hero who, besides showing superhuman characteristics in strength, bravery and cleverness, also proves himself through his emotions, leadership, and the corrections in his faults.
Odysseus' emotions are rare, yet profound enough to enhance the way Odysseus is . Summary: Considers makes Odysseus an epic hero in literature.
Details many of the stories in which he has appeared including Homer's Odyssey. Odysseus, Epic Hero What makes Odysseus an epic hero?
Odysseus has been one of the most frequently portrayed figures in literature. He has both heroic traits. Odysseus' Journey as an Epic Hero Words | 6 Pages.
Odysseus ' Journey as an Epic Hero In the epic poem The Odyssey, the main character Odysseus .