Apart from a few years spent in Johannesburg studying music at the University of the Witwatersrand Mohapeloa spent most of his life in Morija, where he worked in the Morija Printing Works and composed and trained choirs. After he retired in he taught music at the National Teacher Training College in Maseru until his death. He created a modern African choral idiom inspired by traditional Basotho music, jazz, western classical music and hymns. R A two-volume anthology of twenty-four plays based on retellings of traditional African folktales.
Rubrico Introduction Filipino -- the term used in both the and Philippine constitutions Study metro manila and rex book designate as the "national language" of the Philippines, whether de jure or de facto, it matters not -- has come full-circle to prick the national consciousness and lay its vexing burden at the feet of our national planners, as well as of the academe.
For indeed, the past six decades since has seen "Pilipino" or "Filipino," its more acceptable twin tossed in the waves of controversies between the pros and and the antis as each camp fires off volleys of linguistic cognoscente or even garbage, as the case may be, while the vast majority watched with glee or boredom.
With a strong constitutional mandate to evolve, further develop, and enrich Filipino "on the basis of existing Philippine and other languages" Art. Rubrico,among others. Key Issue and Sub-issues But after more than 60 years, has Filipino truly metamorphosed into a Philippine national language?
What has been its "success stories"? What is its current state or condition in the present? What needs to be further done? What is in store for the future? What are the development prospects of the other non-Tagalog languages of the Philippines for integration into Filipino?
The researcher fully agrees with the observation that a national language can be a unifying concept of our continuing struggle against our colonizers Atienza,of freeing ourselves from our colonial mindset Maceda, Still, the illusory pitfalls Constatino, warned about in the development of the national language compendium can be cause for some soul-searching pause, even as others deny them Almario, with equal logic.
But if debates must continue, the let the "game" begin and may the best argument -as perceived by its arbiters. The Corpus Virtually everyone agrees that media -print, radio, and television and now, cyberspace has had a profound influence on people, especially on their language.
The Filipino spoken today, especially by the young 35 years old and below is undeniably distinctive, to use a loose term, and may have been so influenced by media to a greater extent.
This Filipino is spoken by a significant segment of the population and it warrants a linguistic inquiry. Selected articles from Filipino tabloids and dailies, scholarly papers from the University of the Philippines Press, candid and structured interviews of college students, television news, sitcoms and talk shows, and radio programs in Metro Manila are some of the culled sources for the Filipino words, phrase, or sentences found in this study.
Filipino, Tagalog, and Cebuano words are arrayed for cognate purposes, with English juxtaposed as a meta- or reference language. The corpus is found at the end of this paper as Appendix.
The conclusion derived therefrom form the bulk of the recommendations of this researcher, particularly on the "key success variables" that could ensure the continuing development and metamorphosis of Filipino as the national language of the Philippines in the next century.
Historical Perspective The issue of our national language has been around for the past 60, or maybe even 90, years. The inhabitants of an archipelago with over a hundred languages need a common language with which they could communicate with each other and express themselves as a people of one nation.
The Constitution provides that, "the national language of the Philippines is Filipino. As it evolves, it shall be further developed and enriched on the basis oe existing Philippine and other languages. Guerrero, its Chairman on Public Instruction who recognized the need for a common language for the Filipinos but who opted to adopt a foreign language instead of the native ones.
Through him, the Philippine Assembly spoke, thus: Inthe ex-officio Secretary of Public Instruction, Mr. It must be noted that Lope K. Gallego authored Bill No. In and the national language issue was discussed during the Consti- tutional Convention.
The Institute was given a year to accomplish this. Once the language is selected, the Institute is to prepare its grammar and dictionary within two years. Then it shall purify the language by weeding out the unnecessary foreign words, phrases, or other grammatical constructions, and enrich it through borrowing from the native languages and dialects, from Spanish, and from English --in that order.
And any word adopted into the national language should be subjected to the phonological rules and ortography of the Philippine languages. Inthe Department of Education called the Tagalog-based national language Pilipino.
Insome congressmen took the cudgels againsts the propagation of Pilipino, which to them is "puristang Tagalog," as the national language.
This period witnessed the purists coining words like salumpuwit chairsalimpapaw airplanesipnayan mathematicsetc. Insome non-Tagalog speakers, like the Madyaas Pro-Hiligaynon Society and some Cebuano groups complained against the movement of Manila toward "purismo.
It was also adopted as the medium of instruction for Rizal and history subjects in colleges and universities. In 7 Augustthe Board of National Education introduced the bilingual approach to teaching --that is, using two languages as media of instruction in the schools, to wit: This bilingual approach serves to promote the intellectualization of the national language --that is, to use it as medium of intellectual exchanges in the academe, government offices, as well as in other disciplines in the process of acquiring knowledge about the world which could be expressed by the said language.
In addition, it will bring about a national unity and identity among Filipinos, as they can now express themselves and communicate with each other in a common language. The Constitution states the National Assembly should endeavor towards developing and formally adopting a common national language to be called Filipino.
Meantime, Pilipino and English remain the official languages unless repealed by law. Filipino is anchoredon Pilipino.MMEIRS Friday, 29 October Metro Manila Earthquake Impact Reduction Study. The goals of the study: 1) Evaluate seismic hazards, damages and vulnerability of Metro Manila 2) Prepare framework of master plan for earthquake disaster management.
Feb 03, · Study: Metro Manila and Rex Book Store. Thus, in this study we reviewed both Cebu and Metro Manila to evaluate the potential of entering the retail industry and market in Cebu. Metro Manila is officially called the National Capital Region (NCR) and is composed of Manila plus 16 surrounding cities and municipalities.
Metro Manila . Welcome to the Court of Appeals Web Site. [email protected] Court of Appeals Website Designed, developed and maintained by the MIS Division. Get this from a library! Philippine Sharia's courts procedure.
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