Pender to be a "complementary counterpart to models of health protection.
The health promotion model describes the multi dimensional nature of persons as they interact within their environment to pursue health. The set of variables for behavioral specific knowledge and affect have important motivational significance.
These variables can be modified through nursing actions. Health promoting behavior is the desired behavioral outcome and is the end point in the HPM. Health promoting behaviors Nursing health model result in improved health, enhanced functional ability and better quality of life at all stages of development.
The final behavioral demand is also influenced by the immediate competing demand and preferences, which can derail an intended health promoting actions.
Individuals seek to actively regulate their own behavior. Individuals in all their biopsychosocial complexity interact with the environment, progressively transforming the environment and being transformed over time. Health professionals constitute a part of the interpersonal environment, which exerts influence on persons throughout their life span.
The HPM is based on the following theoretical propositions: Prior behavior and inherited and acquired characteristics influence beliefs, affect, and enactment of health-promoting behavior.
Persons commit to engaging in behaviors from which they anticipate deriving personally valued benefits. Perceived barriers can constrain commitment to action, Nursing health model mediator of behavior as well as actual behavior.
Perceived competence or self-efficacy to execute a given behavior increases the likelihood of commitment to action and actual performance of the behavior. Greater perceived self-efficacy results in fewer perceived barriers to a specific health behavior.
Positive affect toward a behavior results in greater perceived self-efficacy, which can in turn, result in increased positive affect.
When positive emotions or affect are associated with a behavior, the probability of commitment and action is increased. Persons are more likely to commit to and engage in health-promoting behaviors when significant others model the behavior, expect the behavior to occur, and provide assistance and support to enable the behavior.
Families, peers, and health care providers are important sources of interpersonal influence that can increase or decrease commitment to and engagement in health-promoting behavior.
Situational influences in the external environment can increase or decrease commitment to or participation in health-promoting behavior. The greater the commitments to a specific plan of action, the more likely health-promoting behaviors are to be maintained over time.
Commitment to a plan of action is less likely to result in the desired behavior when competing demands over which persons have little control require immediate attention.
Commitment to a plan of action is less likely to result in the desired behavior when other actions are more attractive and thus preferred over the target behavior.
Persons can modify cognitions, affect, and the interpersonal and physical environment to create incentives for health actions. Direct and indirect effects on the likelihood of engaging in health promoting behaviors. These factors are predictive of a given behavior and shaped by the nature of the target behaviour being considered.
Personal biological factors Include variable such as age gender body mass index pubertal status, aerobic capacity, strength, agility, or balance. Personal psychological factors Include variables such as self esteem self motivation personal competence perceived health status and definition of health.
Personal socio-cultural factors Include variables such as race ethnicity, accuculturation, education and socioeconomic status.
Perceived self efficacy influences perceived barriers to action so higher efficacy result in lowered perceptions of barriers to the performance of the behavior. Activity-related affect influences perceived self-efficacy, which means the more positive the subjective feeling, the greater the feeling of efficacy.
In turn, increased feelings of efficacy can generate further positive affect. Primary sources of interpersonal influences are families, peers, and healthcare providers. Include perceptions of options available, demand characteristics and aesthetic features of the environment in which given health promoting is proposed to take place.
Situational influences may have direct or indirect influences on health behaviour. Nursing theorists and their work. The Health Promotion Model.Dr. Pender developed the Health Promotion Model that is used internationally for research, education, and practice. During her active research career, she conducted research testing on the Health Promotion Model with adults and adolescents.
The Family Health Model was created as a result of a comprehensive literature review, the author’s professional nursing practice, life experiences, and findings from a series of three qualitative research studies about ways Appalachian families defined and practiced family health within their households.
Pender developed the Health Promotion Model that is used internationally for research, education, and practice. During her active research career, she conducted research testing on the Health Promotion Model with adults and adolescents.
HBM is a popular model applied in nursing, especially in issues focusing on patient compliance and preventive health care practices. The model postulates that health-seeking behaviour is influenced by a person’s perception of a threat posed by a health problem and the value associated with actions aimed at reducing the threat.
3 Key Concepts in Nursing Defined as a Basis for the Health Promotion Model Person is a biopsychosocial organism that is partially shaped by the environment but also. Nursing Model of Care Caring The Foundation of Highland Nursing. Here at Highland Hospital’s Department of Nursing, our nursing practice is guided by Dr.
Jean Watson’s Human Caring Theory evidenced through Patient-Centered Care and Patricia Benner’s Model of Novice to Expert.