Pascal states that we as human beings, know and understand the nature of the finite because we are finite and have similar extension, and we know the existence of the infinite but are oblivious to its nature, because it is not bound by limits like we are.
He questioned the existence of some sort of criteria that describe how a belief can be held and defended. According to Clifford, it was senseless to choose what to believe in without any form of formulation or guide, leading to the Introduction dissertation blaise pascal.
He concludes that it is morally wrong to hold, defend, and believe in anything without sufficient evidence, thus coining the notion of evidentialism Clifford In summary, what Clifford seeks to drive home is the idea that there cannot be any belief without sufficient evidence.
We can say that his principles are closely related to skepticism. Blaise Pascal, on the other hand, describes that some truth cannot just be explained by reason or evidence and, therefore, one has to rely on faith. He defends religious knowledge and beliefs such as the existence of God, which, he acknowledges, cannot be demonstrated.
His notion can be defined as fideism or atheism, which is reliance on faith and not reason or evidence in order to hold and defend a belief.
Evidentialism, as described above, refutes fideism principles and encourages people to gather or seek sufficient evidence before holding a belief. The paper below seeks to highlight the importance of reason and evidence, as opposed to holding a belief based on faith without reason i.
To him and other critics of atheism, it made no sense at all.
In explaining the principles, Clifford uses an example of a man who had a ship which was faulty. The man chose to completely ignore the fact that the ship was faulty and was not safe for passengers on board and, instead, led himself to believe that it would be fine for one trip, and then he would fix it later.
His idea was to avoid wasting time on fixing the faults at that time since it would delay departure and also cost him.
The ship did not make it to the destination. The owner of the ship acted on unethical belief instead of relying on evidence. He should have checked for sufficient evidence on whether the ship was safe as he assumed it would be. Clifford goes further to insist that an action is either right or wrong, irrespective of the consequent outcome.
Through this journal, Clifford intends to raise the bar on ethics and morals. According to him, the ship owner was wrong to act upon faith and no evidence even if the ship would have made it safely to its destination.
Clifford also explains that for evidence to be considered sufficient, it must be proportional and of the same nature as the belief. This kind of strictness is better suited to the formation of a belief, compared to possession of moderate evidence, which holds ground, subject to various situations and scenarios.
Evidence that is moderate or one that has some exceptions on when and how it counts is relatively similar to no evidence at all. Clifford describes strict evidence as one that holds anywhere, for anyone, and at all time. This nature of strictness is mostly admired for liberating people from various dogmatic beliefs and to erase credulity.
Evidentialism encourages people to seek for a reason and evidence before believing or conforming to certain traditions. Various traditions may encourage certain wrongly justified beliefs, which can be defined as degrading and dogmatic.
These kinds of beliefs or institutions should be approached with skepticism as well as a thirst to secure sufficient evidence and reason to abide Clifford Writing doctoral dissertation pdf editor Alfred green essay morality philosophy essay introduction mobile internet advantages essay deforestation essay with subheadings in apa research paper summary table for supply and demand, Blaise pascal computer inventions essayIntroduction paragraph narrative essay engel s argumentative essay.
Name Instructor Course Date Clifford’s Evidentialist Argument in Contrast to Blaise Pascal’s Non Evidentialist Position Introduction William Kingdon Clifford was a philosopher as well as a mathematician at Cambridge University, although he drifted more towards .
Lisez ce Biographies Dissertation et plus de autres dissertation. Blaise Pascal. Un génie". Tel est qualificatif le plus souvent associé au nom de Blaise Pascal. Un génie qui, malgré une mort 4/4(1). Blaise Pascal «Pensées» n° () Commentaire pour bac de français Introduction Lorsque Pascal écrit ses Pensées, il les considère comme des notes devant lui servir à écrire une Apologie du Christianisme, mais la maladie et la mort l’en empêcheront.
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Introduction Pascal () = mathématicien et chrétien convaincu. A la suite d’une révélation mystique, il .