Try to decipher what is fact, and what is opinion, as sometimes the two are not the same. There will be a test!
The country served as a buffer between the British and Russian Empires until it won independence from notional British control in A brief experiment in democracy ended in a coup and a communist countercoup. The Soviet Union invaded in to support the tottering Afghan communist regime, touching off a long and destructive war.
The USSR withdrew in under relentless pressure by internationally supported anti-communist mujahidin rebels. A series of subsequent civil wars saw Kabul finally fall in to the Taliban, a hardline Pakistani-sponsored movement that emerged in to end the country's civil war and anarchy.
A UN-sponsored Bonn Conference in established a process for political reconstruction that included the adoption of a new constitution, a presidential election inand National Assembly elections in Throughout the summer oftheir campaigns disputed the results and traded accusations of fraud, leading to a US-led diplomatic intervention that included a full vote audit as well as political negotiations between the two camps.
Despite gains toward building a stable central government, the Taliban remains a serious challenge for the Afghan Government in almost every province. The Taliban still considers itself the rightful government of Afghanistan, and it remains a capable and confident insurgent force despite its last two spiritual leaders being killed; it continues to declare that it will pursue a peace deal with Kabul only after foreign military forces depart.
Akrotiri By terms of the Treaty of Establishment that created the independent Republic of Cyprus, the UK retained full sovereignty and jurisdiction over two areas of almost square kilometers - Akrotiri and Dhekelia.
Albania Albania declared its independence from the Ottoman Empire inbut was conquered by Italy in and occupied by Germany in Communist partisans took over the country in In the early s, Albania ended 46 years of xenophobic communist rule and established a multiparty democracy.
The transition has proven challenging as successive governments have tried to deal with high unemployment, widespread corruption, dilapidated infrastructure, powerful organized crime networks, and combative political opponents.
Albania has made progress in its democratic development since first holding multiparty elections inbut deficiencies remain. Most of Albania's post-communist elections were marred by claims of electoral fraud; however, international observers judged elections to be largely free and fair since the restoration of political stability following the collapse of pyramid schemes in Albania in April received a European Commission recommendation to open EU accession negotiations.
Although Albania's economy continues to grow, it has slowed, and the country is still one of the poorest in Europe. A large informal economy and a weak energy and transportation infrastructure remain obstacles. Algeria After more than a century of rule by France, Algerians fought through much of the s to achieve independence in Algeria's primary political party, the National Liberation Front FLNwas established in as part of the struggle for independence and has since largely dominated politics.
The Government of Algeria in instituted a multi-party system in response to public unrest, but the surprising first round success of the Islamic Salvation Front FIS in the December legislative elections led the Algerian army to intervene and postpone the second round of elections to prevent what the secular elite feared would be an extremist-led government from assuming power.
Fighting escalated into an insurgency, which saw intense violence fromresulting in overdeaths - many attributed to indiscriminate massacres of villagers by extremists.
|Essay on Earthquakes: Top 5 Essays on Earthquakes | Geography||For the plural, one can either follow ordinary English practice and add an s, or use an invariable plural as in the Japanese. Tidal wave Tsunami aftermath in AcehIndonesiaDecember|
The government in introduced some political reforms in response to the Arab Spring, including lifting the year-old state of emergency restrictions and increasing women's quotas for elected assemblies, while also increasing subsidies to the populace.
American Samoa Settled as early as B. International rivalries in the latter half of the 19th century were settled by an treaty in which Germany and the US divided the Samoan archipelago.
The US formally occupied its portion - a smaller group of eastern islands with the excellent harbor of Pago Pago - the following year. Andorra The landlocked Principality of Andorra is one of the smallest states in Europe, nestled high in the Pyrenees between the French and Spanish borders.
For years, from toAndorrans lived under a unique coprincipality, ruled by French and Spanish leaders from onward, the French chief of state and the Bishop of Urgell. Inthis feudal system was modified with the introduction of a modern, constitution; the co-princes remained as titular heads of state, but the government transformed into a parliamentary democracy.
Andorra has become a popular tourist destination visited by approximately 8 million people each year drawn by the winter sports, summer climate, and duty-free shopping. Andorra has also become a wealthy international commercial center because of its mature banking sector and low taxes.
As part of its effort to modernize its economy, Andorra has opened to foreign investment, and engaged in other reforms, such as advancing tax initiatives aimed at supporting a broader infrastructure.
Although not a member of the EU, Andorra enjoys a special relationship with the bloc that is governed by various customs and cooperation agreements and uses the euro as its national currency.
Angola Angola scores low on human development indexes despite using its large oil reserves to rebuild since the end of a year civil war in Peace seemed imminent in when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again in He pushed through a new constitution in The New Madrid earthquake was a mid-plate occurrence while the Great Lisbon Earthquake and tsunami was caused by strong transform fault movement along the boundary of 2 continental plates.
In turn, both of these subjects seem to have different tectonic considerations from the balance of the assigned topics for student talks today. Nov 05, · On the morning of November 1, , a great earthquake shook Portugal's capital city of Lisbon as worshipers filled churches and .
The Indian Ocean earthquake, and series of catastrophic tsunamis that followed in its wake, had a lesson to teach. The world community needs to put in place early detection systems, possibly sponsored by the United Nations, that would undoubtedly save caninariojana.comgh this earthquake happened close to large population centers that had little time to act even with warnings, nations farther.
to 1 million years ago: PREHISTORY. The granite areas were formed and weathered down to more like we see today. The dinosaurs came and went and flowering plants evolved, the climate was tropical and dominated by monsoons. The most widely known Atlantic Ocean tsunami struck Lisbon, Portugal on November 1, It was caused by a magnitude earthquake beneath the floor of the Atlantic about miles offshore.
This earthquake and associated tsunami destroyed most of . North Atlantic Ocean has had: (M or greater) 5 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 2, earthquakes in the past days; The largest earthquake in North Atlantic Ocean: today: in North Of The Virgin Islands.
this week: in Northern Mid Atlantic Ridge. this month: in.