Early life[ edit ] Statue of St. Donatello was educated in the house of the Martelli family. While undertaking study and excavations with Filippo Brunelleschi in Rome —work that gained the two men the reputation of treasure seekers, Donatello made a living by working at goldsmiths' shops.
Donatello The Italian sculptor Donatello was the greatest Florentine sculptor before Michelangelo and certainly the most influential individual artist of the 15th century in Italy. Nearly every later sculptor and numerous Florentine and Paduan painters were indebted to him.
Though Donatello was a descendant of a branch of the important Bardi family, he was brought up in a more plebeian tradition than his older contemporary Lorenzo Ghiberti. Gifted with humanistic insight and a quality of will that were highly prized in the early Renaissance, Donatello revealed the inner life of his heroic subjects, memorable images which have conditioned our very conception of 15th-century Florence.
Sharing neither Ghiberti's feeling for line nor Filippo Brunelleschi 's interest in proportion, Donatello worked creatively with bronze, stone, and wood, impatient with surface refinements and anxious to explore the optical qualities he observed in the world about him.
His later art, saturated with the spirit of Roman antiquity, is frequently disturbing in its immediacy as it attains a level of dramatic force hitherto unknown in Italian sculpture. Little precise biographical information has come down to us, although many anecdotes are recorded by Giorgio Vasari in his Lives.
Donatello was apprenticed to Ghiberti, and inat the age of 17, Donatello was working for the master on the bronze reliefs of the First Doors of the Baptistery.
By he had left Ghiberti for the workshops of the Cathedral. Early Works One of Donatello's earliest known works is the lifesized marble David ; reworked ; now in the Bargello, Florence. Intended to adorn a buttress of the Cathedral, in it was set up in the Palazzo Vecchio as a symbol of the Florentine republic, which was then engaged in a struggle with the king of Naples.
Dramatic in posture and full of youthful energy, the David possesses something of the graceful late Gothic feeling of a figure by Ghiberti, though Donatello now admits us to a world of psychological tensions. Rapidly maturing, Donatello produced a strong, original, dynamic style in two works: Markin a niche on the exterior of Orsanmichele, completed between andand the seated St.
John the Evangelist for the facade of the Cathedral now in the Museo dell'Operafinished in These powerful, over-life-sized figures established the sculptor's reputation.
Mark broke with tradition in its classical stance, realistically modeled drapery, and concentrated face with such optical subtleties as a detailed analysis of the eye. It became a stunning symbolic portrait of a noble Florentine hero in the embattled republic of Donatello's day. Donatello's new style was confirmed in the famous St.
George, carved in marble about for the exterior of Orsanmichele later replaced by a bronze copy; the original is in the Bargello. Resolute in stance, the Christian saint has the face not of an ideal hero but of a real one.
Even more significant is the little marble relief St. George and the Dragon, that decorates the base of the niche.
The marble was ordered inand the relief was completed shortly afterward. This is an important date, for the relief is the earliest example in art of the new science of perspective used to create a measurable space for the figures. Up to this time artists had conceived of a flat background in front of which, or in which, the figures were placed; now the low, pictorial forms seem to emerge from atmosphere and light.
Donatello was probably influenced by the contemporary theoretical studies in perspective of the architect Brunelleschi. Between and Donatello and his pupils completed eight life-sized marble prophets for niches in the Campanile of the Cathedral now in the Museo dell'Opera. The most impressive of the group are the so-called Zuccone "big squash" or "baldy"perhaps representing Habakkuk, and the Jeremiah, in both of which there is great psychological tension and a convincing, deliberate ugliness.
Middle Period Donatello received many commissions, which he often executed in collaboration with other artists. An unusual work is the Marzocco, the emblematic lion of the Florentines, carved in sandstone and imbued with a grand contrapuntal vigor; it was ordered in for the papal apartments in S.
Maria Novella now in the Museo Nazionale. Donatello's optical principles and his vigorous style in relief sculpture reached a climax in the gilded bronze Feast of Herod, completed in for the font in the Baptistery, Siena; Ghiberti, Jacopo della Querciaand other sculptors also executed reliefs for the baptismal font.
In Donatello's very low relief composition he approximated, but deliberately avoided the accurate construction of, one-point architectural perspective. About Donatello entered into partnership with Michelozzo, sculptor and architect, with whom he made a trip to Rome after Vasari states that Donatello went to Rome with Brunelleschi.
This would have been much earlier, perhaps in ; but there is no document to confirm such a trip. Angelo a Nilo, Naples, both of which were in progress in The first of these established a type of wall tomb that was decisive for many later Florentine examples.
Probably just after the trip to Rome, Donatello created the well-known gilded limestone Annunciation tabernacle in Sta Croce, Florence, enclosing a lyrical pair of Gabriel and the Virgin Mary.
He was also commissioned to carve for the Cathedral a Singing Gallery to match the one already begun by Luca della Robbia both now in the Museo dell'Opera. Using marble and mosaic, Donatello presented a classically inspired frieze of wildly dancing putti. It was begun incompleted 6 years later, and installed in Donatello ( - ) Donatello was active/lived in Italy.
Donatello is known for Renaissance religious figure sculpture and drawing. Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, called Donatello, was the preeminent genius of early Renaissance sculpture in Italy. Born in Florence, hie was the son of a wool comber.
Donatello's career may be. Donatello.
Short Biography, facts and interesting information about Donatello the famous Medieval artist and his contribution to Medieval Art. Donatello. Donatello (): Biography of Early Renaissance Sculptor, Famous for David (Bargello), Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata.
Donatello () was a master of sculpture in bronze and marble and was considered one of the greatest Italian Renaissance artists of his time.
A lot is known about his life and career but little is known about his character and personality. Donatello never married and seems to be a man of simple tastes'. Early career.
Donatello. Watch video · Early Life Donatello, the early Italian Renaissance sculptor, was born Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi in Florence, Italy, sometime in His friends and family gave him the nickname.
Childhood & Early Life Donatello was born as Donato di Niccolo di Betto Bardi in in Florence, Italy to Niccolo di Betto Bardi. His father was a member of the Florentine Wool Combers caninariojana.com Of Birth: Florence.